How the town of Hundred, West Virginia, got its name

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How the town of Hundred, West Virginia, got its name
In the 1850s, illustrator Porte Crayon (David Hunter Strother) captured Henry Church "Old Hundred" for Harper's Magazine.

There was a time in the 1850s soon after completion of the B&O Railroad, but before the Civil War, when passengers on that remarkable iron road would clamber to the windows to catch a glimpse of "Old Hundred"—a marvel of a man who, even after his hundredth birthday, gardened, and labored, and worked his fields to the delight of passersby.

The (population 299, as of 2010) was named for him, as was the post office there. The community remains the lone bearer of that name, and travelers on U.S. 250—bound through the hills from Fairmont or Morgantown, in the east, to Moundsville or New Martinsville, in the west—are often interested to know something of its origin.

Map showing Hundred, W.Va., as it appeared in 1905

Henry Church, as he was known for his first 99 years, was born in Suffolk, in the westernmost part of England, in 1750, though died on September 14, 1860, here at Hundred on the upper section of the West Virginia Fork of Fish Creek at the confluence of what's now Church Fork. He was 109 years, nine-months, and one-day-old, according to his tombstone, located on the hill above the town in the Hundred Cemetery.

According to most accounts, Church was a member of the bodyguard of King George III, and Church and a friend, John Taylor, also of the guard, were among several young men sent to the colonies to serve under Lord Charles, Earl Cornwallis, in the 63rd British Light Infantry.

A short time before the campaign at Yorktown, which ended the Revolutionary War, Church was sent out on a scouting party, and somewhere between Richmond and Petersburg was taken prisoner by troops under the command of the Marquis de Lafayette. Church was bound and transported to Camp Chase, near Lancaster, Pennsylvania, where he was imprisoned until peace was declared.

Rather than return to England after his release, however, he decided to remain in America and at about that time met Hannah Keline, a Quaker girl born in Philadelphia in about 1755. The two married and soon embarked on a long and interesting life.

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After the wedding, the young couple visited Keline's brother, who lived in the Shenandoah Valley, and from there, they started westward, following an Indian trail over the Allegheny Mountains, down the Monongahela River, and up Dunkard Creek to the mouth of Indian Run, now called Wise Run, in present-day Monongalia County near Wadestown. Here, at what was known as Indian Meadow, they raised a cabin and cleared the land and registered it in Morgantown as the Church-Keline Improvement.

Pennsylvania Avenue in Hundred, West Virginia

Soon thereafter, the Churches moved 10 miles westward to the West Virginia Fork of Fish Creek, in Wetzel County, where they again built a cabin and cleared the land. Though it had been claimed as a tomahawk right by a George Garrison (meaning that Garrison had girded several trees to establish a claim, which was generally honored by settlers though it was not enforceable in a court), Church traded Garrison a flintlock rifle for the claim. The Bank of Hundred now stands where the cabin once stood.

According to Ethel Briggs, who became a foremost authority on the family, life for the Churches never grew less interesting.

"They were well-liked by everybody. Being honest, hard-working people, they won the respect and admiration of the community, as well as far and wide. He was a patriotic old gent, and at the time of the War of 1812, he was drafted by the government.

"He was proud of the fact and shouldered his rifle and started off to the front to fight on the side of the colonists—to fight his beloved England, although he had refused to take the oath of allegiance to the American Colonists. This oath was required by all Englishmen at the close of the Revolutionary War.

"He gave his reason for refusing to sign: that he had sworn to be true to King George of England. However, later, when he wanted to sell a part of his land, he learned this could not be done unless he signed the oath, which he did in about 1850."

As for his service in the War of 1812, Briggs wrote that "it seems travel was slow, and peace was declared before he got very far from home so he returned home and never had a chance to show his spirit for America again."

In 1852, when Church was 102, the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad opened, using the upper valley of Fish Creek as part of its passage across the mountains. Railroad officials were told of the Churches and excitedly offered them an observation car to take them through to Wheeling.

Church answered, saying they had never made a show of themselves and refused to go. Railway officials were just as stubborn, however, and thereafter train conductors were instructed to point out the old couple to passengers as they passed through Hundred.

"Henry and Hannah could be seen any nice day sitting on the porch of their log cabin," Briggs wrote. "Often Henry would be sighted mowing in the fields with a scythe. They were then the oldest couple in the state," which included all of Virginia, from the Atlantic to the Ohio River.

The Churches lived together 82 years and raised eight children, all of whom enjoyed long lives, though not as long as their parents. Mrs. Church died on July 27, 1860, and Mr. Church followed her less than two months later.


The West Virginia Short Line Railroad meandered along Fishing Creek in Wetzel County in the early 1900s.

Pine Grove, W.Va., will host the Shortline Ramp Festival this April for the fifth year in a row. It's exciting when an annual event reaches its fifth year, and as a celebration of the "ramp," or wild leek, I hear the festival is among the best. Perhaps most importantly, it celebrates the West Virginia Short Line Railroad, a lesser-known line opened from Clarksburg to New Martinsville in 1902.

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