Sleepy valley of Indian Creek grows as a residential destination

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Sleepy valley of Indian Creek grows as a residential destination
The valley of Indian Creek in Monroe County wanders through scenic farmscapes. (Photo courtesy Foxfire Realty)

Though it might sound cliche, time really does stand still in the Indian Creek valley in southern West Virginia. A winery has opened. Farmers are experimenting with new crops. A small retirement community has been established where the old school once stood.

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But for the most part, little has changed, and most residents like it that way. Ironically, such pleasant security is what's making the area in central Monroe County so attractive.

"One of the things we like about living here is that nothing's happening," says Fred Zeigler, a retired Chicago, Ill., geologist who purchased what's known as .

Cook's Old Mill welcomes visitors at Greenville, West Virginia. (Photos courtesy Lisa Stansell Galitz)

Fans of old gristmills, Zeigler and his wife pulled up stakes to move to the idyllic valley in the early 2000s.

"I think from an agriculture point of view, there's been a little change: when we arrived a few years ago, farmers were mostly raising beef and dairy cows, and recently there's been a lot of movement toward vegetables and specialty crops."

April Ernst, who opened , a farm winery and meadery, three years ago, says she and her husband, Scott, searched throughout the eastern U.S. before falling in love with the valley and its scenery.

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"Everywhere you go, it's just gorgeous," Ernst said, speaking of West Virginia as well as the valley. The Ernsts had also considered buying land for the winery near April's native Berkeley County, in the eastern panhandle of West Virginia, but loved the pastoral feel of Monroe County.

Craig Mohler, the editor of , shares the sentiments of Ernst and Zeigler, stressing the value that residents of the valley, and surrounding Monroe County, place on the land, which is renowned for its natural beauty and .

"Monroe County still doesn't have stoplights or Walmarts or fast food," Mohler says

"People here are strongly attached to place, perhaps even more than in other parts of West Virginia, and it's easy to see why—the sparse population, the mixture of pasture and woodlands, and farms that have been in use for hundreds of years."

The valley enjoys just the right amount of isolation—a half-hour's drive south of commercial and healthcare centers of Interstate 64 at Lewisburg and east of Interstate 79 at Princeton.

The Monroe County levels open near Union. Photo courtesy .

In the remote past, however, it was a busier place. Mohler and Zeigler both point out that Indian Creek takes its name for a Native American trail that crossed the Appalachians between the valleys of the Ohio and Virginia.

"It was the interstate of the Indian world, if you will," Mohler said.

After the arrival of European settlers, the valley and surrounding countryside became famous for its mineral springs, many of which were developed into resorts that attracted wealthy southerners before the Civil War.

Even today many visitors believe the spring waters possess curative properties, though certainly, the beauty of the landscape is cure enough.

Red Sulphur Springs, near the mouth of the creek, was formerly a bustling agricultural center as well as a resort that attracted guests through the mid- and late 1800s, and Zeigler is working to find remnants of the old spring house, only the foundations of which may now exist.

Pavilion at The Greenbrier at White Sulphur Springs. (Photo courtesy David Sibray)

Salt Sulphur Springs, near the head of the creek, was likewise a resort, though many of its old stone buildings and spring houses remain marvels to travelers who find themselves touring the valley south of the Monroe County seat at Union.

Both landmarks were part of a circuit of mineral-spring resorts, perhaps the most famous of which was the Old White at nearby , now the home of , still a thriving, world-class retreat.

The region is also known for its caverns, through which the headwaters of the creek pass, and for its covered bridges, remnants of a time long passed.

Given the propensity of new and existing residents to preserve the natural and cultural beauty of the region, and as a result of the valley's distance from developed urban areas at Lewisburg and Princeton, it's likely the region will remain among the most desirable in the state for years to come.


Legend of Burnt House lives through strange town name

Burnt House is linked to one of the state's best-known ghost stories. Photo representation by Jesse Thornton.

Motorists traveling W.Va. 47 through Ritchie County, in north-central West Virginia, are sure to have noticed the little village of Burnt House and wondered about the remarkable name. 

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