Lore and legend surround site of World Scout Jamboree

Lore and legend surround site of World Scout Jamboree
Morning fog rises below Garden Ground Mountain (upper right) at the World Scout Jamboree. Photo BSA.

This summer, more than 60,000 scouts will attend the World Scout Jamboree in southern West Virginia, filling a virtual-city of 10,000 acres built around outdoor recreation.


Scouts and their guests will participate in hallmark recreational activities for which the Appalachian Mountains in West Virginia are known—hiking, biking, caving, kayaking, rock climbing, and rafting on the adjacent New River Gorge National Park and Preserve.

Before the Summit Bechtel Scout Reserve was established, however, the area was part of a wilderness known as the "Garden Grounds" into which few people roamed. Many legends of the place are recited around campfires today.

A quiet cove awaits campers at the Summit Bechtel Reserve.
A quiet cove awaits campers. Photo BSA.

Historian Scott Worley says he'd "heard tales" of the Garden Grounds all his life. Folks feared to become lost within, and some actually were.

Others told stories of ghosts and strange beasts said to lurk in its most remote sections, he said.

"I've heard tell of a bigfoot-like wildman said to roam the area," Worley said.


"And then there were stories of bodies being found there or—in jest, I'm sure—of it being a great place to hide bodies."

Because of its inaccessibility, the area was also recognized as ideal for secreting illegal distilleries. Larry Beverly, who grew up in Mount Hope, recalled meeting moonshiners when he was young, working at his grandfather's store.

"We use to deliver cracked corn and red-top malt to two customers from my grandfather's store," Beverly said. "I delivered in an old International Scout as well as my grandfather's old Chrysler. I’d take bags and bags of corn out there, though both customers had only one chicken. They must have been very well fed."

Stars glitter about the Echo Base Camp during the 24th World Scout Jamboree on Sunday, July 21, 2019. (BSA photo by Ethan Livers)
Stars glitter above Echo Base Camp during the 24th World Scout Jamboree. Photo by Ethan Livers

The night's sky above the grounds was also associated with interplanetary mysteries. Worley recalled: "There were also tales of strange lights in the sky,"

The mayor of nearby Mount Hope in 1950 reportedly sighting of an unidentified flying object, one of the first sightings reported in the U.S. A time capsule and monument marked the vantage at the mayor's residence high atop Ridge Street but were apparently removed by later owners.

Another mystery surrounds the naming of "Garden Grounds," which takes its name from Garden Ground Mountain, a ridge that follows the rim of the New River Gorge at the eastern extent of the reserve. But the name itself is atypical. In fact, it appears in few places other than in reference to the mountain and in a poem by Robert Louis Stevenson.

About The Sheltered Garden Ground

About the sheltered garden ground
The trees stand strangely still.
The vale ne'er seemed so deep before,
Nor yet so high the hill.

An awful sense of quietness,
A fulness of repose,
Breathes from the dewy garden-lawns,
The silent garden rows.

As the hoof-beats of a troop of horse
Heard far across a plain,
A nearer knowledge of great thoughts
Thrills vaguely through my brain.

I lean my head upon my arm,
My heart's too full to think;
Like the roar of seas, upon my heart
Doth the morning stillness sink. 

Many sources support the idea that Garden Ground Mountain was named as a result a number of gardens opened in the forest there. But why would anyone garden in such a remote area? Before the mainline of the Chesapeake & Ohio Railway opened the gorge in 1873, the area was even more remote.

Yet at about that time Stevenson's poem might have reached popularity. Could it be that his poem inspired the naming of the mountain?

Looking for mysteries to solve while you're visiting the summit? There are plenty, but here are four legends and legendary spots sure to help satiate your interest.

President Taylor's Cousin's Hat Factory

Historian Shirley Donnelly in the 1970s referenced the Hat Factory.
Historian Shirley Donnelly in the 1970s referenced the Hat Factory in newspaper articles.

Little is known about a hat factory located in that's now one of the most remote reaches in the Garden Grounds area. It operated out of a barn-like wooden building on a ridge of farmland overlooking the river about a mile east of the reserve.

According to the late historian Shirley Donnelly, the factory and an adjacent weaving shop were owned by Ben Taylor—a cousin of U.S. President Zachary Taylor—who settled the area before the Civil War.

The hats were apparently carried by wagon to Mount Hope and then exported to larger U.S. cities by rail. Archeologists working with the park service hope to survey the area, where finding a trove of hatpins might confirm its location. The National Park Service has expressed interest in opening a trail east of the reserve and through the Hat Factory area.

Thurmond and the Poker Game

A wagon road climbs the mountain behind the Dunglen Hotel, deep in the New River Gorge.
A wagon road climbs the mountain behind the Dun Glen Hotel near Thurmond.

Historians continue to debate whether the world's longest poker game was played at Thurmond. According to some sources, the legendary game lasted 14 years and was played in the early 1900s at the 100-room Dun Glen Hotel. Many versions claim Ripley's Believe it or Not! and the Guinness Book of World Records; however, neither organization confirms that it reported on the matter, and Guinness records were not published until 1955, twenty-five years after the hotel had burned.

Most agree that the tale of the Thurmond Poker Game is a kind of fable. It might never have happened, but it is undeniable that gambling was a popular pastime at the hotel. Thurmond, a railroad boomtown settled by Captain William Thurmond in the 1870s, was a "dry" town, in which liquor was disallowed, but across the river, the Dun Glen permitted the consumption of alcohol and activities such as card playing and gambling.

Though the hotel is long-gone, the Thurmond National Historic District and its visitor center, now an Amtrak stop, are popular tourist destinations. The district contains many preserved structures from the town's heyday, and rangers are often on hand in the warm months to guide tours and answer questions.

The Warpath

Commissioned by the Virginia Assembly, an 1812 map shows the 'War Fording' on New River.
Commissioned by the Virginia Assembly, an 1812 map shows the 'War Fording' on New River.

One of the most important prehistoric trails to traverse the Appalachian Mountains wandered through the southern reaches of the reserve. Known locally as "the Warpath," it was part of a system of trails that traveled between the Ohio Valley and Atlantic Seaboard. Frontier heroine Mary Draper Ingles famously traveled parts of this trail system during her capture and escape from the Shawnee in 1755. Her path may not have passed through the reserve, but, apparently, on her return through the wilderness, she followed the river along the foot of Garden Grounds Mountain.

The Warpath may be better known from its westward point on beginning at the Paint Creek Trail at present-day Pax, five miles west of the reserve. Their warriors had ritualistically painted a grove of trees to represent foes. (Read: Legend of Painted Trees and Indian Warpath based on truth).

Traveling eastward, their warpath crossed Packs Mountain and descended into the upper vale of Dunloup Creek at present-day Mount Hope. A series of burial mounds and an ancient stone earthwork along the creek testified to the presence of a prehistoric village, though clues were likely destroyed when the town developed. Parts of the earthwork are believed to have been incorporated into the foundations of buildings now in its national historic district. (Read: Prehistoric mystery underlies 'Egypt' in southern W.Va.)

From Mount Hope, the trail traveled west through the southern reaches of the reserve and over the southern end of Garden Ground Mountain. There, it descended to a ford on the New River which was mapped in the late 1800s as the "Warford." Beyond the ford, the trail followed the New River upstream through the bottoms at Prince then climbed "War Ridge," where arrowheads were found in great number by early European settlers.

In the highlands beyond, in the Little Levels near present-day Meadow Bridge, the trail forked and continued east toward the Big Levels and what's now Lewisburg and south toward the New River Valley and what's now Hinton.

Batoff Mountain

Just south of Garden Grounds Mountain, Batoff Mountain is regarded with some apprehension, both because of the winding road that descends the flank of the mountain and the evil-sounding name, "Batoff," which sounds something like "Bad off."

Locals used to say you were "bad-off" if you had to cross the mountain at night or during a storm. Even today an out-of-stater is likely to be impressed with the curves two-lane W.Va. Route 41 takes. It wanders through five significant curves as it drops more than 1,000 feet over three miles to the New River.

Battoff Mountain takes its name from the French word "batteaux," a kind of flat-bottomed boat that, according to one version of the legend, could handle much of the upper New River's white water but would wreck on the rapids at the foot of the mountain. In the 1950s, these rapids became part of a small army facility established to test bridge building in white water circumstances and is now the Army Camp Camping Area.

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